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Municipal House - Municipal House -

Municipal House

One of the finest Art Nouveau building in Europe is the Municipal House (Obecní dům) In Prague there can be no better example of Art Nouveau building then Municipal House. It is the foremost Art Nouveau building of Prague and is famous for its eye catching architecture.

The unique atmosphere of the golden age of Art Nouveau can be experienced here. Proclaiming Municipal House as the national heritage building is something it deserves. Municipal House is a treasure and its importance is appreciated even outside Czech Republic. Municipal House underwent many developmental phases the history of which is interesting but complex.

The place where Municipal House is located is strategically very important it is the place which formally was an important route of trade. The place where today you see the beautiful Municipal House is the place where use to be the Czech ruler’s seat. The former Royal Court was present at the site where Municipal House is build today. Many of the Czech kings lived, ruled and died there. There were times when this Royal Court served the Bohemian kings especially during different hard times. In 1475 this place started deteriorating therefore Vladislav II left this Royal Court. At that time there was no better place for a king than the Prague Castle so Vladislav moved there. King Vladislav also replaced the old deteriorated gate of the Royal Court with a new gate. In 1526 Habsburgs started ruling Bohemia and sold this Royal Court in 1631. There was a huge fire there in 1689 therefore the entire Royal Court turned into ash. Therefore a plan for rebuilding the entire site was made.

During the 20th century contributions were made to develop the entire Prague efficiently. Plans were made for developing different sites of Prague. At that time it was very difficult for the authorities to decide something for building that deteriorated Royal Court. Almost everything there was torn down. Therefore the Royal Court underwent many developmental phases and turned into what now is called the Municipal House.

A private society in Prague in 1901 initiated the idea of building a remarkable building at this remarkable site. The request that the society presented described the benefits of building this representative and outstanding building. Therefore in 1903 an architectural competition was held to choose the best architect for building an absolutely remarkable building and the Municipal House was built. Having a volume of 139176 cubic meters Municipal House covers an area of almost 4214 square meters.
Several partial reconstructions were done and the last and the most thorough renovations were done from 1994 to 1997. In recent developments many modern facilities were added in the Municipal House. Few modern things were also equipped in the building including an efficient water supply system, modernised system for heating, proper ventilation system, suction dust system etc. A network of intercom was also added to facilitate the residents.

Although the building was officially opened in 1912 but some sections of the building were put into use few years before its opening. There were criticisms about the building for being outdated but now all those controversies are forgotten and everyone loves and admires this Municipal House in Prague.

Currently the Municipal House is used for organising concerts, balls and fashion shows. Impressive and significant architectural achievements are represented by The Municipal House of Prague. The largest concert hall of Prague is also present in the Municipal House. Inauguration of this Municipal House took place in 1912 and since then many historic events took place at this site. The historic event of the proclamation of independent Czechoslovak Republic state in 1918 also took place there. Therefore every year on 28th October in the memory of that historic event the Municipal House is especially decorated for the celebration of that event.

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